The study area is situated in the Fynbos Biome according to Rutherford & Westfall (1986). The biome covers an area of about 70 000 square kilometres or 5,72% of the country. The vegetation is an open to closed grassy, dwarf shrubby, shrub/woodland which generally does not exceed 3 meters in height.
Wedderwill and its game reserve dedicated to wild life and areas outside the reserve have abundant fauna. The estate is frequently visited by Fish eagles and Secretary birds. It is also home to falcons, buzzards, hawks and many other birds.
The climate is influenced by macro-global geological phenomena: Situated on the Schapenberg ridge some 300m above sea level E18°54 and S34°06’ at 7.5km distance from the Atlantic Ocean and Falsebay it can be concluded that our vines are cooled by the Antarctic. Jet streams and global winds result in oceanic movements and currents. The Benguela current carries ice cold water from the Antarctic to the Cape and into False Bay. From there chilled winds reach the farm.
The farm falls within an area covered with pre-weathered biotite granite part of the Cape Granite Suite formed some 600 million years ago. The Schapenberg hills in the Helderberg basing ridging off and out of the Hottentots Holland Mountins, formed at the same time, is partly covered by remnants of layers of the Malmesbury Group which is 900 million years old and largely forms shales, siltstones and fine grained greywackes.